Operation Blue Bat: The 1958 U.S. Invasion of Lebanon
In the last decades, the United States has fought several wars in the Middle East which is still reeling from the devastating effect of these conflicts. However, the 1958 invasion of Lebanon, the U.S.’s first overt military intervention in the region, had a more positive outcome. Operation Blue Bat was the result of the Cold War-era Eisenhower Doctrine that sought to defend Middle Eastern countries from the threat of communist. In Lebanon, the Christian-led government was facing a rebellion by a coalition of mainly-Moslem opponents. While this unrest would have been considered an internal matter under any other circumstances, it became an international crisis as it coincided with a coup in Iraq that deposed its pro-Western monarch and growing popular support for Egypt’s pro-Soviet regime.
Chateau Ksara: Jesuit Winemakers of Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley
Chateau Ksara, Lebanon’s oldest winery, continues a wine making tradition that dates back to before the Phoenician era, possibly as far back as 7000 BC. In 1857, Jesuit French monks who settled in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley, realized the potential for grapes made with French fines imported from Algeria, at the time the biggest wine hub outside France. In the beginning their production was limited to their personal consumption use but with increased demand, particularly from French troops and administrators stationed in Lebanon during the post WWI mandate period, the monks’ hobby became commercial. Michael Karam, Lebanon’s leading wine writer and author of numerous of books on the subject wrote the featured story.
Lebanon in Technicolor: Growing Up in the Golden Age
Lebanon’s Golden Age started in the mid-1950s and lasted until 1975, the beginning of the civil war. During that time, Beirut was the center of banking, commerce, and tourism in the region. The country’s physical backdrop could not have been more spectacular with its snow-capped mountains, warm sunny beaches, and charming capital with a vibrant social life and a welcoming and entrepreneurial population eager to accommodate the influx of visitors from across the globe. It was in this environment that a generation came of age. The following exhibition contains original slides from the 1950s and 1960s and rare color postcards from the same period showing life in Lebanon. Zina Hemady wrote the accompanying text which reflects on her childhood before the civil war.
Van Leo: Master of Light and Shadows
One can easily argue that Van Leo was one of the best portrait photographers that Egypt ever produced. He had a rare ability to take control of his subjects and mold them in ways no other photographer could, similar to a sculptor handling clay. For him, image composition consisted mainly of manipulating the light and shadows. Whether he was shooting a wedding or a self-portrait, what distinguished his images was how and where he focused the lighting. The following exhibition contains rare images from my personal archive and the collections of Barry Iverson, Josef Polleross, Patrick Godeau and the American University in Cairo. Both Polleross and Iverson contributed photo essays, and Iverson wrote the accompanying text.
Egypt’s Stella Beer: Celebrating 120 Years
On May 15 1897, Belgian investors opened Crown Brewery, Egypt’s first brewery, in the Ibrahimieh district of Alexandria. Up until then Egypt’s growing expatriate community had depended on imported beer to quench their thirst. A year later the same investors opened a second brewery on the outskirts of Cairo called Société Anonyme Brasserie des Pyramides (Pyramid Brewery). The following exhibition features historical photographs and memorabilia from my personal collection. The accompanying text is written by Omar Foda author of the upcoming book Grand Plans in Glass Bottles: A Social, Economic and Technological History of Beer in Egypt 1880-1970. Omar’s grandfather, Ismail Umar Foda, was director of ABC from 1963 to 1985.
Homs: A Hidden Treasure Now in Ruins
Homs is Syria’s third largest city, but because it didn’t have spectacular tourist attractions it was largely unknown to the outside world. Unfortunately, Homs was caught up very early on in the Syrian Civil War which started in 2011 and, in no time, the city became a ruin and its residents were forced to flee. This photographic exhibition features images of Homs from the 20th century. I also have included a selection of photographs that I took of the city in 2005 while working on an economic report on Syria.
The Virgin’s Tree in Egypt: A Story of Survival
In 2013 a rumor spread that the Virgin’s Tree in Matariya, a suburb of Cairo, had been cut down by thugs seeking revenge for the Copts’ support of Abdel-Fattah el Sisi’s new government. The Coptic Church immediately denied the rumor and issued a statement saying that the tree had blown down during strong winds. The following story and photo exhibition looks at the troubled history of this sacred tree.
Studio el Karawan: Deir ez Zor’s Forgotten Faces
The exhibition features 22 rare hand-colored studio portraits by Armenian photographer Karawan. Patrick Godeau discovered the collection when he visited Deir Ez Zor in 2003, and acquired the photos from the late photographer’s family which, at the time, still ran the studio.
Palestine’s Nativity Trail: A Journey Through History
The Nativity Trail is one of the most famous of the bible’s epic journeys. In the year 2000, it became part of a larger initiative to renovate Christian sites in the Holy Land for the millennium. Shortly after it was inaugurated, the trail became inaccessible due to the Second Intifada or Palestinian uprising which exploded in 2002. Since 2008, a steady stream of pilgrims, hikers, and visitors who are curious and bold enough to discover an alternative Palestine have taken renewed interest in the journey, which takes travelers through lands and scenery that to this day evoke tales and narratives symbolic to so many across the world.
Distillerie ZOTTOS: A Greek Family Affair
This collection of photographs taken by Studio Ververis, in Alexandria, Egypt showcases the family owned Zottos distillery in the 1930s. Greeks were instrumental in the motorization of Egypt during the 160-year rule of the Mohammed Ali Dynasty.
Palmyra: A City Rising Above the Mist
This collection of nineteenth and twentieth century photographs looks at the ancient city of Palmyra, or Tadmur, once an integral part of the Silk Road. Today, ISIS controls Palmyra, and the fate of this historic site is at stake. The group has so far destroyed the Temple of Baal, Temple of Baal Shaman, the Arch of Triumph and most recently three ancient tower tombs.
Paradise Lost: A Glimpse of Aleppo in the 20th Century
This photographic exhibition looks at Syria’s second city, Aleppo, from the late 19th century to the 1960s. Much of Aleppo’s old city and covered bazaar have since been destroyed in Syria’s protracted civil war.
Farouk and Narriman: Egypt’s Last Royal Romance
This collection of photographs shows King Farouk’s last royal romance with Queen Narriman during his last year in power before the July 23, 1952, revolution that ended monarchy in Egypt. This exhibition, which came from my personal archives, was meant to mark the revolt’s 60th anniversary.
Weinberg and Pferschy: A Tale of Two Photographers
In the early 1990s I came across a small collection of five signed prints by a photographer named Othmar Pferschy. At the time, there was no information available about the photographer, so I just put the prints in a box and forgot about them. Two decades later, while moving to the United States, I rediscovered Pherschy’s photographs buried in my archives. This exhibition shows Pferschy’s works and tells his fascinating story. It also features the work of his mentor, the Romanian Jew Jean Weinberg.